例1:Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety. The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804, which terrorists may have downed over the Mediterranean Sea, provides another tragic reminder of why. But demanding too much of air travelers or providing too little security in return undermines public support for the process. And it should: Wasted time is a drag on Americans' economic and private lives, not to mention infuriating.(2017, Text1)
21. The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804 is mentioned to _____.
[A] explain American’s tolerance of current security checks
[B] stress the urgency to strengthen security worldwide
[C] highlight the necessity of upgrading major U.S. airports
[D] emphasize the importance of privacy protection
根据题干中的细节信息“The crash of Egypt Air Flight 804”回文定位在上文(原文二段)中,信息描述特点可以判断出段落的结构,中心句在第一句话中,后文的细节实为论证上文观点,所以匹配信息“Americans are willing to tolerate time-consuming security procedures in return for increased safety.”,“美国人愿意忍受耗时的安检程序以确保安全”正确选项为[A]explain American’s tolerance of current security checks.
例2:It has not gotten anywhere close to that, and one big reason is sticker shock. Passengers must pay $85 every five years to process their background checks. Since the beginning, this price tag has been PreCheck’ s fatal flaw. Upcoming reforms might bring the price to a more reasonable level. should: Wasted time is a drag on Americans' economic and private lives, not to mention infuriating.(2017, Text1)
24. One problem with the PreCheck program is _________.
[A] a dramatic reduction of its scale
[B] its wrongly-directed implementation
[C] the government’s reluctance to back it
[D] an unreasonable price for enrollment
根据题干信息“problem with the PreCheck ”可以定位至上文(文章第六段),句中表述的fatal flaw就是PreCheck program的问题的同义置换,而这个问题就是price“价格”,所以对应正确选项D, “加入这一项目的价格不合理”.答案中的表述是对原文陈述的总结陈词,这也是答案对应的一种典型方式.
例3:Opposition to telescopes on Mauna Kea is nothing new. A small but vocal group of Hawaiians and environments have long viewed their presence as disrespect for sacred land and a painful reminder of the occupation of what was once a sovereign nation. (2017, Text2)
28. The construction of the TMT is opposed by some locals partly because _________.
[A] it may risk ruining their intellectual life
[B] it reminds them of a humiliating history
[C] their culture will lose a chance of revival
[D] they fear losing control of Mauna Kea
根据题干关键信息“The construction of the TMT”、“opposed”和“some locals ”定位原文至上文(第三段),根据原文表述,一些反对者认为这些望远镜是“a painful reminder of the occupation of what was once a sovereign nation”,可推知,是对曾经主权国家遭受占领的痛苦的提醒,对应信息可得答案B.
例4: “The ancient Hawaiians were astronomers,” wrote Queen Liliuokalani, Hawaii’s last reigning monarch, in 1897. Star watchers were among the most esteemed members of Hawaiian society. Sadly, all is not well with astronomy in Hawaii today. Protests have erupted over construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope(TMT), a giant observatory that promises to revolutionize humanity’s view of the cosmos. (2017, Text2)
26. Queen Liliuokalani’s remark in Paragraph 1 indicates ________.
[A] her conservative view on the historical role of astronomy
[B] the importance of astronomy in ancient times
[C] the regrettable decline of astronomy in ancient times
[D] her appreciation of star watchers’ feats in her time
该题针对第一段中人物观点进行命题,从人物的言语“The ancient Hawaiians were astronomers”中找到引言想要传达的观点,第二句话中“Star watchers were among the most esteemed members of Hawaiian society.”体现对天文学家重要的社会地位,所以对应正确选项为B.